144篇文章 丨 7回答 丨 3问题
摘要: 英语中有许多琐碎知识颇难记忆，但是我们可以根据其汉语意义和谐音等，把这些语法、句法、篇章结构等知识编成有意思的速记口诀，让我们轻松又牢固地记住他们。这就是我们即将开始的英语语法等知识的口诀之旅! (共一百二十六 首)
图解一. 1)______________ △先行词关系代词(who/ which/ that 主语) + 谓语
主 句 定 语 从 句
例如：This is the boy who won the first prize the day before yesterday.(NSEFCB1AP.36)
The squirrel is a good animal which makes secret food stores for the winter.(NSEFCB2AP.77)
Do you know the comrade that gave us a lecture last time?
2) ___________ 关代(who/ which/ that 主 ) + 谓 __________
主 定 语 从 句 句
例如：The boy that/ who helped me is my elder brother.
He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man.
Anyone who refused to bow was thrown into prison.
提示： 关系代词作 主语时不可省略， who指人， which指物， that指人和物。
图解二. ____________ △先行词关代(whom/ which/ that 宾语 ) + 主 + 谓(vt. )
主句 定 语 从 句
例如：She is the teacher whom we all like/ respect.
Here is the pen which I lost yesterday.
They seemed to be eating something which they had cooked on the fire.
You should not judge a stranger always by the clothes that he wears.
提示： 关系代词 作从句的宾语时常可省略。 先行词指物时可选用which或that但先行词是不定代词all, no, much, little, few, everything, nothing, anything等或被它们所修饰时; 先行词被顺序数词和形容词最高级修饰时; 先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last等修饰时可用that。例如：
Is there anything that I can do for you in town?
That is all that I know.
We were interested in everything that we had seen.
There is no difficulty that we cannot smooth away.
This is one of the most exciting films that I have ever seen.
The first thing that we should do is to work out a plan.
This is the very book that I want to find.
That is the only thing that we can do at the very moment.
My father and Mr. Crossett talked for about half an hour of things and persons that they remembered in the school.
图解三. ________ △先行词whose + 名词 ( 主 ) + 谓
例如：Xiao Li is the student whose home caught fire last night.
He lives in the house whose window faces south . (…the window of which faces south )
That is the girl whose mother is our English teacher.
图解四. __________ which/ that (whom ) + 主 + 谓 + 介 ( 介 + which/ whom + 主 + 谓 )
主句 定 语 从 句 定从
例如： This is the house which( that)Comrade Li once lived and worked.
That is the school which he once studied in.
The person is the manager to whom I spoke just now.
Don’t bring the children to see the animals of which they are afraid.
The two things about which Karl Marx was not sure were the grammar and idioms.
图解五： ___________ when/ where/ why (状语 ) + 主 + 谓 ( vi. )
主 句 定 语 从 句
例如：I do not know the exact time when the school meet will take place.
This is the school where he once came for a parents’ meeting.
I do not know the reason why she cried out last night.
图解六. ________such/ the same△先行词as( 主 / 宾 / 表语 ) + 或主 + 谓 + 或宾
主句 定 语 从句
例如： We need such materials as can stand high temperature.
Do not read such books as you cannot understand.
I would like to buy the same dictionary as was used yesterday.
He is not the same man as he was ( used to be ) .
( To be continued )
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