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征文 尹氏口诀英语考试必备( 一百零九 )

#尹继友工作室#     尹继友 Lv.8    湖北省麻城市三中    12643浏览     5评论     2016/08/30 15:48
尹氏口诀英语考试必备( 一百零九 )

  作者:湖北省麻城市第三中学   尹继友

  摘要: 英语中有许多琐碎知识颇难记忆,但是我们可以根据其汉语意义和谐音等,把这些语法、句法、篇章结构等知识编成有意思的速记口诀,让我们轻松又牢固地记住他们。这就是我们即将开始的英语语法等知识的口诀之旅! (共一百二十六 首)

  【口诀】独立主格结构与分词短语口诀三则(集中识记)

  【点津】在改写或简化状语从句时,什么情况下用独立主格结构,什么情况下用分词短语,如何区分?如何判断?如何使用?

  (A)

  主从主语皆相同, 分词短语作状语,

  连词从主应省去。 主从主语如不同,

  独立主格作状语, 从主不省要牢记。

  例句:

  1)When she heard the good news,she couldn’t help laughing.

  2)If time permits,I’ll dance with you.

  上两句可改为:①Hearing the good news,she couldn’thelp laughing.

  当主句主语和从句主语是相同的人或物时,我们可以用分词短语来代替从句,将原来从句中的连词和主语省去。例1)中主句和从句的主语都是she,是相同的,故可用分词短语来代替从句。

  例2)可改成:

  Time permitting,I’ll dance with you.

  很明显,当主句的主语和从句的主语不同,不是同一人或物时,我们可用独立主格来代替从句。从句的连词省去。原来从句中与主句不一致的主语保留,作为独立主格的逻辑主语。例2)中从句的主语是time与主语I不同,故用独立主语。

  (B)

  主动语态用ing,被动语态用ed。

  主动语态的从句,用现在分词短语代替,常常位于句首。

  如:They didn’t go to the Summer Palace because they had a lot of work to do.

  转换为:Having a lot of work to do,they didn’t go to the Summer Palace.

  被动语态的从句,用过去分词短语代替,一般置于句首。如:

  As we are led by our great Party,we have won one victory after another.

  转换为:Led by our great Party,we have won one victory after another.

  (C)

  被动如为完成或进行,用现在分词被动形式勿忘记。

  例如:1)After we had been shown the labs,we were taken to see the library.

  2)As the room was being painted,we had to stay out-side.

  例1)转换为:Having been shown the labs,we were taken to see the library.

  例2)转换为:The room being painted,we had to stay outside.

  ( To be continued )

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